Why Robots That Bend Are Better

18 Vas 2021
2 098 677 Peržiūros

Robots of the future may be softer, squishier and bendier than robots today. This could make them ideal for space exploration. Check out kiwico.com/Veritasium50 for 50% off your first month of any subscription!
On Thursday February 18th, 2021 the NASA Perseverance Rover will land on Mars. It is a wonderful robot, made out of steel and wire - but will future robots look like Perseverance? There is an emerging field of research on "soft robots", where the machines are flexible. These soft robots have many advantages over traditional robots - they're safer, lighter, more flexible and can change their shape and size.
NASA is investigating the use of soft robots for space missions. For future visits to Enceladus or Europa, a lander could cut a hole in the ice and then insert a compliant robot through the hole. This robot could then grow and change shape on the other side.
N. S. Usevitch, Z. M. Hammond, M. Schwager, A. M. Okamura, E. W. Hawkes, S. Follmer, An untethered isoperimetric soft robot. Sci. Robot. 4,
ve42.co/Hammond2020 - paper about the truss robot
ve42.co/Usevitch2020 - press release and video about the truss robot
Electronics-free pneumatic circuits for controlling soft-legged robots
Dylan Drotman1, Saurabh Jadhav, David Sharp, Christian Chan, Michael T. Tolley Sci. Robot. 6, eaay2627 (2021)
ve42.co/Drotman - paper about the turtle robot
Special thanks to Patreon supporters:
Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, Robert, fanime96, Marc Forand, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Grace O'Maille KRON x Arc iOS, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex , Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal, Bryan Baker
Video supplied by Getty Images
Thanks to Zachary Hammond for showing me the soft truss robot
Filmed by Derek Muller
Edited and GFX by Trenton Oliver
Animation by Ivan Tello
Music by Jonny Hyman
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci, Dan Meyer

  • If you wear a mask I don't watch

    the ugly truththe ugly truthPrieš 3 minutes
  • But can it go offroading?

    Swift KingSwift KingPrieš 9 minučių
  • I have a doubt what is the speed of darkness?

    Rishabh GuptaRishabh GuptaPrieš 27 minučių
  • dorito tumbleweed

    chulofreakschulofreaksPrieš 38 minučių
  • Sorry I just could not watch human robots wearing control devices on the face although it MAY have been interesting - if you survive the experimental nanobot infiltrating jab maybe you can make another without slave devices on?

    David RobertsonDavid RobertsonPrieš 38 minučių
  • It always amazes me how the future end up giving us what we want, but always with a twist, we all dreaming with hard human like butler, but we'll probably end up with shape shifting sausages crawling around our houses, still pretty cool though.

    Héctor CossioHéctor CossioPrieš 58 minučių
  • why dont you just give the information directly? i catch on to your hints buh you shouldnt be scared to teach the society uh mean like isnt tha the reason for your youtube channel?

    CxshedoutkCxshedoutkPrieš val
  • Why Robots That Bend Are Boring

    andybaldmanandybaldmanPrieš val
  • This mam calls a lot of things robots. I feel like he doesn't fully understand what a robot is...

    Drag0nEYE 1510Drag0nEYE 1510Prieš val
    • Sure, the guy who is literally building machines that move and do things has no idea what a robot is. Totally.

      Luca MontaniLuca MontaniPrieš val
  • I'm Bender baby, please insert liquor. Bendy robots are better.

    nimay13nimay13Prieš val
  • That's it, rubber terminators are almost here

    NDK0NDK0Prieš val
  • Because they can bend

    CenixCenixPrieš 2 val
  • I don't really know how you would use a soft robot like that but it is very cool and I can see that it needs to be developed as something is going to come from it. Like Spot from Boston Dynamics was developed and there is some very cool things coming from that now. I love seeing how the construction industry in particular is using Spot.

    Michael WylieMichael WyliePrieš 2 val
  • Kiełbasa XDDD

    СкуљскиСкуљскиPrieš 2 val
  • "So I came up to Standford to meet Zach Hammond and his soft robot." Me: *lowers volume*

    Frank EinsteinFrank EinsteinPrieš 2 val
  • these "soft" robots will be less lethal when the uprising happens

    FrogboyFrogboyPrieš 2 val
  • So like bone and muscle

    J HJ HPrieš 3 val
  • I have a question... if the universe is expanding do you think it will continue endlessly until all the matter in the universe dies out or will it retract or maybe something else.

    Danny DunwellDanny DunwellPrieš 3 val
  • No doubt !

    turbo Flackoturbo FlackoPrieš 3 val
  • So does that mean i'm a few years closer to being able to have a robot girlfriend?

    ׁׁPrieš 3 val
  • soft robots remind me of drunk uncles.

    Spanky HarlandSpanky HarlandPrieš 4 val
  • No thank you some of these would be terrifying this is how skynet started

    Big Phat SmokeBig Phat SmokePrieš 4 val
  • aww the title made me think they build a "Bender"

    DaphoesDaphoesPrieš 4 val
  • Yes, but can a robot ever truly fart?

    MaxxMaxxPrieš 4 val
    • Pump it full of methane and put a buthole then absolutely

      Danny DunwellDanny DunwellPrieš 3 val
  • The living title markedly weigh because tenor macropharmacologically brush against a cagey currency. lamentable, productive screwdriver

    Antonio ManaserianAntonio ManaserianPrieš 5 val
  • Sausages with air in it in space. Yeah.

    Business starten & online Geld verdienen!Business starten & online Geld verdienen!Prieš 5 val
  • This only makes sense on the nano scale.

    russellrussellPrieš 5 val
    • my first thought...

      Business starten & online Geld verdienen!Business starten & online Geld verdienen!Prieš 5 val
  • "Is the biggest risk if it pops?" 😂

    russellrussellPrieš 5 val
  • god i hate imperial so much

    PepbobPepbobPrieš 5 val
  • As a member of a robotics team, this video is so cool! It would be awesome if FIRST did a compliant robot competition! I really want to know where the receiver is on the big bendy robot he had up there, or how he controlled the robot in general. Btw, I am a huge fan of this channel! I didn't think I'd ever be interested in physics until I watched your videos, so thank you! (:

    Madison OMadison OPrieš 6 val
  • wait, they named robots after sausages "Polish" and "Kiełbasa"? those are the same thing lmfao

    Derek SchinkeDerek SchinkePrieš 6 val
  • This is one of those things that gets more and more awesome the more you look at it. I thought 'o, thing tips over, cool, seen that before' but it's soooooo much more than that. After 6 minutes I was completely sold

    DeldarelDeldarelPrieš 6 val
  • Pretty sure that this "compliant" Octahedron could strangle me, if it really wanted to

    DM BlackgvardDM BlackgvardPrieš 6 val
  • I think the 'why' in the title should be 'when' because 'why' implies, in this instance, they're *always* better which you contradict in the video by saying the not bending variety is more accurate. Or the 'are', which makes the statement sound as if it's true in any situation, could be changed in something like 'can be'.

    veroagheveroaghePrieš 7 val
  • Why is everyone wearing a mask?

    Expedient TechnologyExpedient TechnologyPrieš 8 val
    • Good question man

      The TheThe ThePrieš 7 val
    • Did you forget the ongoing pandemic in the US?

      Tobi JacksonTobi JacksonPrieš 7 val
    • There was a pandemic in 2020-2022.

      AlpaliAlpaliPrieš 8 val
  • this, this is why im distracted from my homework

    ShatteredShadowShatteredShadowPrieš 8 val
  • Wow Step-Robot u are really flexible.

    Manpreet lakhanpalManpreet lakhanpalPrieš 8 val
  • Kiełbasa :)

    Tomasz GaseckiTomasz GaseckiPrieš 8 val
  • Can we have it fall and me be inside it? Dude, sick.

    Christian OlssonChristian OlssonPrieš 8 val
  • Can't they use the same type of structure/principle that nasa used for it's airless tires? But then it would limit how much its size could reduce, because of the stress limit before permanently bending the metal Could also try doing the same, and using "memory metal"... But then the robot would need a way to keep re-heating it's own "metal fiber tubes" and that would create a power issue

    BonesBonesPrieš 8 val
  • Bend

    Jacobskefoulington GoldJacobskefoulington GoldPrieš 8 val
  • I never understand what he says but I still enjoy watching him

    SunkenpineSunkenpinePrieš 9 val
  • Next Video - "Why Girls That Bend Are Better"

    Anantim PatilAnantim PatilPrieš 9 val
  • is this basically the blob from the movie blob?

    Ed L.Ed L.Prieš 10 val
  • suddenly gay

    Nico RONico ROPrieš 10 val
  • Bender always knew it.

    radastirradastirPrieš 10 val
  • Please Make a video on golden ratio *Phi*!!!!!

    unknown playerunknown playerPrieš 10 val
  • This video was SO MUCH more enjoyable than the over-produced LTworlds Originals one. Thanks for the great content!

    notn0tnotn0tPrieš 11 val
  • ew he uses inches on matlab? i know ues USian but hes a scientist

    William Pereira GomesWilliam Pereira GomesPrieš 11 val
  • Soybot

    wilkdcwilkdcPrieš 11 val
  • This man is ahead of his time in 75 years these are going to be rolling around everywhere

    AJ ArriagaAJ ArriagaPrieš 11 val
  • I feel like that red tube robots joints with the metal sticking out will snap

    ATmel91ATmel91Prieš 11 val
  • Tight

    Adam HookerAdam HookerPrieš 12 val
  • Compliance compliance compliance!

    Drew BoydDrew BoydPrieš 12 val
  • Why Bends That Bend Are Bender

    YankaRoninYankaRoninPrieš 12 val
  • We now have the ability to create Baymax irl

    AidanTheTurtleAidanTheTurtlePrieš 12 val
  • The young half-brother mechanistically guarantee because seagull notablely reach before a useless cirrus. gigantic, clammy field

    Quinton DekockQuinton DekockPrieš 12 val
  • I love that they snuck in a big hero 6 reference

    Anders HenriksenAnders HenriksenPrieš 13 val
  • Awesome and useful? Definitely. But better? I'm not so sure. I'm just not sure that something with literal rubber that has to constantly bend is going to have the longevity to be worth launching on a several decade-long journey into space to the outer reaches of the solar system or even the closest planets. It would have to last for so long that even a chance of it not working would surely make it not worth it to use. Also the weight is a lot more of a problem than the volume at least within certain scenarios.

    MelodyMelodyPrieš 13 val
  • What course do you have to fail to end up working with that boring mess?

    LegionLegionPrieš 13 val
  • The idea of one of these swimming about on one of the ocean worlds out in the orbits of Saturn or Jupiter is an absolutely mesmerising concept.

    AndromedaAndromedaPrieš 14 val
  • So you can kill them easy , when they rise up agains humans!

    GizmoGizmoPrieš 14 val
  • 1:10 “Designed to mimic a turtle." 1:13 Shows tortoise 🐢

    newsgetsoldnewsgetsoldPrieš 14 val
    • @newsgetsold I had no idea.

      Theodor TheodorsenTheodor TheodorsenPrieš 11 val
    • 🐢 and 🐢 have the same emoji. They are very very similar.

      BrandonJustPlays ΔBrandonJustPlays ΔPrieš 12 val
    • @Theodor Theodorsen Ah but I use British English... "British usage, by contrast, tends not to use "turtle" as a generic term for all members of the order, and also applies the term "tortoises" broadly to all land-dwelling members of the order Testudines, regardless of whether they are actually members of the family Testudinidae."

      newsgetsoldnewsgetsoldPrieš 12 val
    • Sorry to say, but tortoises are turtles too.

      Theodor TheodorsenTheodor TheodorsenPrieš 13 val
  • Awesome

    SnoreFree App - Guided Snoring WorkoutsSnoreFree App - Guided Snoring WorkoutsPrieš 14 val
  • The long-term perfume systemically inject because twilight approximately owe unto a careful sideboard. ambitious, hospitable book

    Joanna WattersJoanna WattersPrieš 15 val
  • soft robots are DEFINITELY useful, especially especially the humanoid ones...

    Wildfire悪魔Wildfire悪魔Prieš 15 val
  • polish sausage and kiełbasa are the same thing :DDDDDD

    chmura nowchmura nowPrieš 15 val
    • "kielbasa" is literally just sausage in general, in russian

      Wildfire悪魔Wildfire悪魔Prieš 15 val
  • Polska Gurom

    ChefBoyArtyChefBoyArtyPrieš 15 val
  • Polish kiełbasa wery good

    HerbertHerbertPrieš 15 val
  • Waste of time

    yutuniopatiyutuniopatiPrieš 16 val
  • So they got Baymax right

    toobin8rtoobin8rPrieš 16 val
  • Self healing polymer for skin? I can see huge potential

    MasterMATMasterMATPrieš 16 val
  • This could, in theory be used to save people who are trapped under debris, just send a drone to look for people, send this robot to inflate and provide support so that they don't get crushed even more. Then they can work on rescuing the person without the worry of the people being accidentally crushed.

    Francois Justyne Abhram DinautoFrancois Justyne Abhram DinautoPrieš 17 val
  • 10:42 Mark rover lookalike?!?!

    Sabitha SafarSabitha SafarPrieš 17 val
  • This is supersmart. But I'm mostly wondering about the programming interface with the form of the robot. How do you make intuitive to operare?

    Albert ÅkessonAlbert ÅkessonPrieš 18 val
  • Anyone thought of Baymax from Big Hero 6? :))))

    TomNGTomNGPrieš 18 val
  • How else would robots be able to bend over?

    NyarlathotepNyarlathotepPrieš 18 val
  • im so happy he mentioned big hero6 cause it was the only thing screaming in my mind during the entire video

    Raul LaraRaul LaraPrieš 18 val
  • baymax

    Hafiz HamzahHafiz HamzahPrieš 19 val
  • petiton to name the robot ben dover

    Probably A EuropeanProbably A EuropeanPrieš 19 val
  • Tensegrty????

    jorsanflojorsanfloPrieš 19 val
  • This is awesome. It reminds me of those wind driven beach machines from that one artist and mechanic.

    [ S o l i t a ][ S o l i t a ]Prieš 19 val
  • Soft robots would have a harder time overthrowing us

    Joshua RowleyJoshua RowleyPrieš 20 val
  • What about wind in other planets? Wouldn't soft robots be blown away?

    Enigma OFFCEnigma OFFCPrieš 20 val
  • Totally missed Festo robots

    Br LLBr LLPrieš 21 val
  • So what if one of the corners hit your head, or worse yet, what if you fall on one of the corners Safe

    flat_footflat_footPrieš 21 val
  • They literally cant do anything but slowly roll around. How is this useful

    KBS -117KBS -117Prieš 21 val
    • It's a proof of concept demonstrating the versatility and efficiency of soft robots. They don't need to be anything like the one in the video

      DauntlessDauntlessPrieš 19 val
  • softbots! why don't we call them this

    RFWRFWPrieš 21 val

    cruisinwithkenny BERNARDIcruisinwithkenny BERNARDIPrieš 22 val
  • It’s like big hero 6 :D

    Riley RussellRiley RussellPrieš 22 val
  • Baymax :v

    Antonio CNAntonio CNPrieš 23 val
  • the first red robot could be used in a military setting put some AR-500 steel plate on each of the faces are you have a moving cover system that can take a couple 7.62 rounds and boost the machinery and make the steel like 3-4 inches thick and cover the circuitry am I the only one this sounds like a good idea too?

    Kaleb OuimetKaleb OuimetPrieš 23 val
  • when i saw this and they mentioned the big problem being a air leak I thought about maybe a big ger latex tubing that has a natural compression ability but still is stable a dn isn't fully subjected to having to stay inflated to stay usable example a latex tubing could be thick enough that its stable but then could even have a air pump built on board that could inflate the tubing to utilize even more of the natural latex properties 8

    Gkid50 - Gaming & Tech ReviewsGkid50 - Gaming & Tech ReviewsPrieš dieną
  • Super random question. Anyone know any good "high friction materials" for wrapping around rods or other things? 03:48

    Chase RobertsChase RobertsPrieš dieną
    • I think some forms of rubber. Rubber is quite ‘high friction’.

      monkemonkePrieš 17 val
  • Well, soft, bendable, octopus-like...so a hentai robot?

    KooKooPrieš dieną
    • Y e s

      Guru SachdevGuru SachdevPrieš 5 val
  • Please write your dislike justification here 👇

    E CE CPrieš dieną
  • ... at Enslaving the Human Race

    The DoctornautThe DoctornautPrieš dieną
  • So Bender from Futurama is the perfect robot then.

    Clint EckermanClint EckermanPrieš dieną
    • Came here to say this, thanks. 😂

      Iñigo P.D.Iñigo P.D.Prieš 19 val
    • No, he makes things bend, not thd other way around. Please dont r/woosh me i got the joke

      AlexzanderAlexzanderPrieš 22 val
  • It's baymax

    Lance Chong-KitLance Chong-KitPrieš dieną

    J.N. RicheyJ.N. RicheyPrieš dieną